Centennial Photo Display: 1970’s, Part III

Alethea Drexler
archives assistant

Everybody sing!  “Don’t know why there’s no sun up in the sky . . . stormy weather . . .

Life in the Medical Center wasn’t all macramé room dividers and bright green armchairs in the 1970’s: There was rain.  A lot of rain.

The Library addition was barely dry behind the ears before it got soaked.

On June 15, 1976, the Medical Center area received over ten inches of rain in just about six hours.
[Weather Research Center]
[South Belt Houston Digital Archive]

P-3082 . . . and these are the cars that were fortunate enough to be parked in surface lots, not in underground garages.

P-3082 1976 flood 400dpi JPGP-3074 The ones in underground garages stayed there until the water was pumped out.

P-3074 1976 flood underground garage 400dpi jpgThe Medical Center computer system was left in ruins.  These are magnetic data storage tapes (P-3074).

P-3074 1976 flood computer tapes 400dpi JPGPhotos of the flood’s aftermath include a lot of these Control Data Cyber 18-30 minicomputers (P-3074).  That’s a lot of ruined paperwork, too.

P-3074 1976 flood computers b 400dpi JPGP-3063 Library staff and volunteers had to bucket-brigade materials out of the street level.

P-3063 street level book brigade 150dpi JPGThen, it happened all over again.

Tropical Storm Claudette blew through in 1979, breaking window and spraying debris all over those happy green chairs.  (John P. McGovern Historical Collections photo files, Institutions)

1979-library-interior-flood-b. . . and swamping a new generation of cars.  The light-colored roof on the left turned out to belong to a brand-new Chrysler.


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Centennial Photo Display: 1970’s, Part II

Alethea Drexler
archives assistant

The Library built a major addition to the original 1954 building in 1974.

P-2952, the addition behind the preexisting Library, soon after it opened.

P-2908a Library addition 400dpi JPGiP-2592 the unfinished first floor.  The stairway at right leads down to the street level where the computer lab, classrooms, vending machine cubby, and some of the offices are now.

P-2952 Library addition first floor 400dpi JPGThe exterior.  (McGovern Historical Collections photo files; Institutions)

1974-library-exterior-construction-additionThe addition was outfitted with new furniture.  I think we still have some of those desks.  I wish we still had some of those awesome chairs!  (McGovern Historical Collections photo files; Institutions)

1975-library-interior-construction-techservices-redchairP-3063 The 1970’s were big into mushroom decor–my mother had tan Pyrex mixing bowls with little mushrooms printed on them–and the Library was no exception.  The last of these literal toadstools resides in the archival collections.

P-3063 TMC Library 1976 mushroom stools 400dpi JPGP-3063 This abstract scenic divider hung in the lobby in front of the circulation desk.  The archives staff was overjoyed to discover that we had a color photograph of it–black and white simply does not do it justice.

The look would not be complete, of course, without harvest gold chairs.

P-3063 TMC Library scenic curtain 1970s 01 400dpi JPGThe leisure reading area was decked out in a cheerful acid green, with modern wall art.  (McGovern Historical Collections photo files; Institutions)

1976-library-interior-leisurereading 3000 editLibrarian Beth White working at what might be a dumb terminal (notice the phone receiver resting on the top).  More on dumb terminals in a moment.

White worked for the library for 37 years and was a driving force behind the establishment of the archival collections.

Librarian Elizabeth White in 1976.

Librarian Elizabeth White in 1976.

Texas Instruments Silent 700 dumb terminal.  A dumb terminal is a component that allows access to a computer but does not have its own processing capability.  When I was in high school–I’m dating myself–our library catalog was accessed by dumb terminals that were connected to a “real” computer located elsewhere in the school library.  (The whole system was slow.  The “good” catalog was still the card catalog.)  They’re basically a keyboard and a screen.  The TI Silent 700, so named because it was a dot matrix that printed relatively quietly, came out in this form in 1971 and had a thermal paper output instead of a monitor.  It had a modem and accessed remote computers via, yes, a telephone.  Enjoy the image of it plugged into a bona fide rotary phone. (McGovern Historical Collections photo files; Institutions)

1978-library-equipment-TI-Silent-700-hardcopy-terminal 5000Wikipedia: TI Silent 700
Computer History Museum: TI Silent 700
Texas Instruments: TI Silent 700

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Centennial Photo Display: 1970’s, Part I

Alethea Drexler
Archives assistant

Aerial view, 1973.  The Library, center, is preparing to receive its addition.   The forward-facing “wings” were added to Hermann Hospital (lower left) a year or so earlier.

1970s-HRC-PC-Building-TMC 1970s-aerial-views-150

John P. McGovern Historical Collection Photo Files, aerials

P-815 San Jacinto Lung Association mobile respiratory disease screening unit, 1973.  This is an early-1960’s GMC school-type bus converted to house x-ray equipment.

P-815 San Jac Lung Assoc 1960s mobile TB screening 600dpi JPGP-3069 Methodist Hospital’s early blood donation van, a 1973 Dodge Concord RV.

P-3069 Methodist blood van 1970s 400dpi JPGP-2941 Ben Taub General Hospital in 1976.

P-2941 Ben Taub 1976 400dpi JPGP-3000 Ben Taub’s emergency department, with pink scrubs and a nurse in a frilly cap.

P-3000 Ben Taub ER 1975 pink scrubs 400dpi JPGP-3016 Cardiologists Denton Cooley and John C. Norman with a model of a heart.

Denton Cooley and John Norman established the Texas Heart Institute’s Cullen Cardiovascular Research Laboratory in 1972 to research and develop devices for cardiac assist and replacement. Dr. Norman (1930 – 2014) was its first director. He also taught at both the University of Texas at Houston and at UT San Antonio. He was editor-in-chief at the inception of Cardiovascular Diseases: Bulletin of the Texas Medical Center in 1974; it still publishes as the Texas Heart Institute Journal.

P-3016 Cooley John C Norman and heart model 400dpi JPG[1]Dr. Norman’s obituary, written by Dr. Cooley.
[2] Texas Heart Institute – Denton Cooley

P-3340 Cardiopulmonary bypass machine in use at the Texas Heart Institute in 1972.
This is the machine that maintains circulation and oxygenation during heart surgery.  The first bypass prototype was built, astonishingly, in 1885, but practical machines were not developed until the early 1950’s.

P-3340 blood bypass 400dpi JPG[1] Historical perspectives in cardiology.
[2] Texas Heart Institute.
[3] National Library of Medicine

In August 1976, Hermann Hospital and Dr. James “Red” Duke debuted LifeFlight, the country’s second civilian helicopter medical transport.  The first was Denver, Colorado’s, Flight For Life, which was established in 1972 to facilitate rescues from difficult-to-access areas of the Rocky Mountains.
The first helicopter, pictured here at LifeFlight’s inauguration ceremony, was a French-built Aérospatiale Alouette III/SA 319B.  Memorial Hermann has used several models since then and currently operates a fleet of six Airbus EC 145’s.

Institutional Collection 086, Hermann Hospital archives, 35mm slide.

Photofiles LifeFlight 9 4inches 4000dpi JPG[1] LifeFlight on Wikipedia
[2] Memorial Hermann LifeFlight
[3] Flight for Life Colorado, history

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Centennial Photo Display: 1960’s, Part III

Alethea Drexler
archives assistant

We had room in the case so we went back and added a few more.

Two more Joseph Schwarting illustrations.  The girl with the umbrella is particularly charming:

IC094 Schwarting HeartBull 19640102 umbrella 600dpi JPG edit

“Girl with red umbrella”, Heart Bulletin, January-February 1964. IC 094 John P. McGovern Historical Collections

Hemodialysis at St. Luke's, mid-1960's.  P-3343 John P. McGovern Historical Collections

“Cervical cancer control”, Cancer Bulletin, November-December 1963, IC 094 John P. McGovern Historical Collections

The machine at right in the image below appears to be a Travenol-type artificial kidney.  Hemodilaysis machines were invented in the Netherlands in the late 1930’s but weren’t produced commercially until the mid-1950’s. They were originally used to treat acute cases such as mismatched blood transfusions and overdoses, but by the 1960’s had gained acceptance for use in long-term renal disease patients.

P-3343 St Lukes dialysis 1960s 600dpi JPG

Hemodialysis at St. Luke’s, mid-1960’s. P-3343 John P. McGovern Historical Collections

Dittrick Medical History Center, Case Western Reserve University: Travenol artificial kidney.  (I would encourage readers to check out the Dittrick’s website; they have a lot of interesting items.)

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Posted in Centennial, Exhibits, Images, Medical Archives

Centennial Photo Display: 1960’s, Part II

Alethea Drexler
archives assistant

Last month’s image exhibit talked a little bit about the high rate of poliomyelitis in the Houston area during the 1940’s and 1950’s, and some of the institutions that sought to treat and rehabilitate its victims.

The following series is from the Victory Over Polio campaign, which set out to mass-vaccinate Harris county residents in July 1962.  It was sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce [Jaycees] and the Harris County Medical Society.

All of these are from Institutional Collection 004, the Harris County Medical Society, box 1 of the “Victory Over Polio” series.

Vaccination stations were set up at area schools.

Vaccination stations were set up at area schools.

IC004 HCMS polio box 1 07 Sabin sobbing JPG

Somebody at Lewis & Coker grocery was a comedian.

IC004 HCMS polio box 1 06 Weingarten JPG

Public service announcement at Weingarten’s grocery.

IC004 HCMS polio box 1 05 JPG

The little girl in the foreground seems to be thrilled that her vaccination comes in the form of a sugar cube and not a shot.

IC004 HCMS polio box 1 04 Colt 45 JPT

Members of the new Colt 45’s baseball team turned out to encourage trepidatious youngsters.

IC004 HCMS Polio box 1 01 JPG

These two are wrapped up in an early computer printout. The chalkboard in the background seems to be running figures on vaccination rates.

The money that was collected for the Victory campaign eventually formed the basis for the funding of the Health Museum, which began as an exhibit in the Museum of Natural Science.

Works consulted:
[1] Museum of Health and Medical Science.
[2] The Untold Museum District, Part III
[3] Harris County Medical Society newsletter, 2014 January 09.
[4] the Bellaire Texan [newspaper], July 18, 1962, on Portal to Texas History online.
[5] Texas Medical Center News online, July 2015.|
[6] Getty Images newsreel, 1962.
[7] Gonzales, J.R., Bayou City History blog at the Houston Chronicle, 2015 February 23.

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Posted in Uncategorized

Centennial Photo Display: 1960’s, Part I

Alethea Drexler
archives assistant

July’s photo exhibit had to be trimmed down, but don’t worry–it’s for a good cause.  We need the display space for a traveling exhibit.  More on that later.

Among the landmark events in the 1960’s:

  • The Friends of the Texas Medical Center Library was founded in 1960[1] and continues to provide support for Library resources.
  • Ben Taub General Hospital opened in 1963[2]. The Harris County Hospital District was created in 1965[3].
    Ben Taub hospital in the early 1960's.

    Ben Taub hospital in the early 1960’s.

    Ben Taub Hospital emergency room, 1960's.

    Ben Taub Hospital emergency room, 1960’s.

  • MEDLINE, the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, was implemented in 1964 by the National Library of Medicine as MEDLARS[6] (not online, of course). It was the first large-scale, computer-based, retrospective search service available to the public.
    The Medical Center's IBM 7904 mainframe computer system, circa 1969.

    The Medical Center’s IBM 7904 mainframe computer system, circa 1969.

    The appliance in the foreground is an IBM 716 printer, marketed between the mid-1950's and 1969.

    The appliance in the foreground is an IBM 716 printer, marketed between the mid-1950’s and 1969.

  • In 1969, Denton Cooley implanted the first artificial heart. The Liotta-Cooley Artificial Heart is now on display at the Smithsonian Institution.   The films of the surgery are held by the McGovern Collections.

Archives staffer Kiersten Bryant selected some of her favorite 1960’s Joseph Schwarting illustrations:

“Man on phone”, Heart Bulletin, March-April 1964

“Peripheral auscultation: Prospecting with a stethoscope” Cancer Bulletin, September-October 1963

“The Pill and Cancer” Cancer Bulletin, January-February 1968.

“Recent advances in the diagnosis of cancer” Cancer Bulletin, March-April 1965.

Sources consulted:

[1] Friends of the Texas Medical Center Library
[2] Ben Taub General Hospital: Harris Health System
[3] Harris Health System, Wikipedia.
[4] Handbook of Texas Online: Ben Taub (1889-1982)
[5] Texas Medical Center timeline: 1960’s
[6] MEDLARS, National Library of Medicine
[7] Institutional collection 94 Medical Arts Publishing Foundation
[8] IBM

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Posted in Archives, Images

Centennial Photo Display: 1950’s, Part II

The Heart Bulletin was published by the Medical Arts Publishing Foundation in Houston from 1952 to 1971. The back cover of every issue featured cartoons of red arteries and blue veins that playfully illustrate the principles of cardiovascular medicine. Each illustration has a quote about cardiovascular theory from notable philosopher or physician.

Joseph Schwarting, once the only fine arts major on the University of Texas football team, was the lead artist for Medical Arts Publishing Foundation, which was noted for using original art for each graphic in every journal. The company also published The Cancer Bulletin and The Psychiatric Bulletin.

The Texas Medical Center Library’s John P. McGovern Historical Center houses the original artwork for all the publication of the Medical Arts Publishing Foundation. Below are some of the original artwork for the Artery & Vein characters.

Heart Bulletin, May-June 1954

Heart Bulletin, May-June 1954

Heart Bulletin, January-February 1953

Heart Bulletin, January-February 1953

Heart Bulletin, November-December 1952

Heart Bulletin, November-December 1952

Heart Bulletin, May-June 1952

Heart Bulletin, May-June 1952

Heart Bulletin, July-August 1952

Heart Bulletin, July-August 1952

Texas Medical Center Library, John P. McGovern Historical Research Center: http://library.tmc.edu/mcgovern/collections/heart-bulletin/

LIFE magazine, November 17, 1941, page 115.

“Building 203”

P-3305-01 UTMDA radioisotope lab 1950s 600dpi JPG        The Houston Veterans Administration Hospital moved its new radioisotope laboratory—nicknamed the “Atomic Lab”–into this converted Navy barracks in 1952. Its eight thousand square feet included eight laboratories, a cold room, culture transfer and media preparation rooms, a constant-temperature instrument room, sterilization room, the latest in housing for laboratory animals, and an animal operating room.

Medicine began to use radioisotopes in the late 1930’s as tracers in investigation and diagnostics, and to administer radiation as therapy for cancers and thyroid disease.

Dr. Michael DeBakey conducted some of his early vascular surgery research in Building 203. The first Dacron graft surgery was performed at the Houston Veterans Hospital in September 1954.

The vehicle parked out front is a fourth-generation (1947-1955) Chevrolet Suburban. It has a single taillight in the middle of the rear hatch.

P-3306-03 Veterans Administration Hospital radioisotope laboratory, 1950's

P-3306-03 Veterans Administration Hospital radioisotope laboratory, 1950’s

“The men are being trained in how to calibrate a GM (Geiger Mueller, geiger counter). In a calibration, you relate the meter readout to the actual exposure rate in mR[milliroentgens]/hr. The actual exposure rates are indicated on the floor and have been calculated based on the distance from the source and the known activity of the source.  The source is the small metal capsule hanging from a string in the center of the concentric circles on the floor. It is towards the lower right corner of the photo. The source is the same height above the floor as the center of the GM tubes. The latter are the vertical cylinders clipped to the front of the bottom portion of the meter case. Notice that these tubes are aligned up on the concentric circles.

Not sure what units the meters are reading out in, but it is likely to be mR/hour.   If the meter is not reading accurately, it is adjusted. That is being done by turning a small potentiometer with a screwdriver. To access the “pots”, the survey meter case has to be opened up. The electronics (including the adjustable pots) are attached to the top of the meter which has the carrying handle and the meter display.”

Paul Frame
Oak Ridge Associated Universities
ORAU Foundation historical collections
Oak Ridge, Tennessee

P-3305-01, photo of radioisotope laboratory building, Houston Veterans Hospital, ca. 1952; John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center; Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library; Houston, Texas.

Black, Homer S., Ph.D., and Glenn R. Cunningham, Ph.D., “A brief history of the Houston Veterans Hospital and its research program, 1949-2003”. http://www.houston.va.gov/about/History_of_Research_Program.asp

American Nuclear Society, “Medical Use of Radioisotopes”; http://www.nuclearconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Medical_Use_of_Radioisotopes_web.pdf

Kahn, Jeffrey, “From radioisotopes to medical imaging, history of nuclear medicine written at Berkeley,” http://www2.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/nuclear-med-history.html.

Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic

This series of images is of the Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic. The Clinic was founded in 1920 and operated in space provided by Hermann Hospital during the 1940’s. The building seen here, constructed on Hermann land, opened in 1952. It joined the nonprofit Shriners Hospitals for Children in 1966 and continues to operate as a Medical Center member institution.

The Houston branch treats cleft palate and orthopedic concerns.   Shriners Hospital, Galveston, opened in 1966 and specializes in burn care.

P-2536 Arabia Temple Crippled Childrens Clinic

P-2536 Arabia Temple Crippled Childrens Clinic

This series also constitutes our Tour of Elaborate Wallpaper. Particularly notable are the cherubs in the nursery (which may have been painted) and the Plymouth Rock scene in the lunch room.

P-2537-07 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, classroom

P-2537-07 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, classroom

P-2537-06 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, nurses' station

P-2537-06 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, nurses’ station

P-2537-05 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, patients' room

P-2537-05 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, patients’ room

P-2537-04 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, patients' room.

P-2537-04 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, patients’ room.

P-2537-03 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, lunch time

P-2537-03 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, lunch time

P-2537-02 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, aquatic therapy pool

P-2537-02 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, aquatic therapy pool

P-2537-01 Arabia Temple Crippled Children's Clinic, nursery

P-2537-01 Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic, nursery

P-2536, Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic exterior view; John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center; Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library; Houston, Texas.

P-2537, Arabia Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic series of interior views; John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center; Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library; Houston, Texas.

Handbook of Texas Online – Hermann Hospital: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/sbh06

Handbook of Texas Online – Texas Medical Center: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kct23

Wikipedia – Shriners Hospital for Children (Galveston): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shriners_Hospital_for_Children_%28Galveston%29

Wikipedia – Shriners Hospital for Children (Houston):


Shriners Hospital for Children (Houston): http://www.shrinershospitalsforchildren.org/Locations/houston

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Posted in Centennial

Centennial Photo Display: 1950’s, Part I

by Alethea Drexler

archives assistant

Aficionados of midcentury modern architecture, hold onto your hats.

IS042 TCH 1952 Disney back cover 600dpi JPG 1500

Institutional Collection 042 Texas Children’s Hospital, back cover of information booklet, 1952.

. . . as was almost everything else in the Texas Medical Center during the 1950’s.  This somewhat tipsy 1954 aerial includes, from left, Texas Children’s Hospital, St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital, Methodist Hospital, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in the foreground, the University of Texas Dental Branch under construction (it would open for the 1955-1956 academic year), Baylor College of Medicine, the brand-new Jesse Jones Library building, and both Hermann Hospitals.  Rice University is in the background; its stadium (1950) is in the upper left.

1954-tmc-aerial crop

1954 aerial view of the Medical Center

Texas Children’s Hospital would eventually look like this:

P-2729 Texas Childrens 1953July17 600dpi JPG

P-2729 Texas Children’s Hospital, July 1953

Their 1952 information booklet had a cover designed by Walt Disney:

Institutional Collection 042 Texas Children's Hospital, 1952.

Institutional Collection 042 Texas Children’s Hospital, 1952.

Next to it was St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital, which was chartered in 1945 but, because the plans for it were continuously changed and expanded, didn’t open until 1954.  That’s the Prudential Insurance building (1952-2012) in the background.

P-2723 St Lukes construction 1953 600dpi JPG crop

P-2723 St. Luke’s Hospital, 1953

Methodist Hospital (1919) relocated to the Medical Center in 1951:

P-2715 Methodist 1951 JPG

P-2715 Methodist Hospital, 1951

The new Library opened in 1954:

P-932 TMC Library Jones Building

P-932 TMC Library Jones Building

U.T. M.D Anderson Cancer Center:

P-2582 UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1953.

P-2582 UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1953.

Constructions workers’ cars outside of U.T. M.D. Anderson.

The sedan at left is a 1941 Ford. Its battered companion to the right is a postwar Crosley. Crosley (1939-1952, omitting the war years) was one of midcentury America’s few manufacturers of compact—in this case, subcompact–cars. This car had an 80-inch wheelbase; the famously diminutive Volkswagen Beetle had a 94 ½-inch wheelbase.

Crosley debuted the term “sport utility” in 1948 and was the first American car company to offer four-wheel disc brakes, in 1949.

The owner of this Crosley had a sense of humor: The elegant swan hood ornament originally belonged to a Packard luxury car. [1]

[1] Crosley Automobile Club: http://crosleyautoclub.com/

Cars in front of M.D. Anderson, 1953.

Cars in front of M.D. Anderson, 1953.

Downtown, Memorial Hospital expanded.

The white building in the background was once biggest Woolworth’s in the world (1949):

P-473-02 Memorial Hospital, April 1951

P-473-02 Memorial Hospital, April 1951

P-2720 Southwestern Poliomyelitis Respiratory Center (1952).

P-2720 Southwestern Poliomyelitis Respiratory Ceter at Jefferson Davis Hospital, 1952

P-2720 Southwestern Poliomyelitis Respiratory Center at Jefferson Davis Hospital, 1952

Harris County was hit especially hard by poliomyelitis in the 1940’s and early 1950’s. The tenth floor of the second Jefferson Davis Hospital (1939) became the Southwestern Poliomyelitis Respiratory Center in 1950. It moved into the annex seen here in December 1951. The new building was air-conditioned and provided state-of-the-art care for sixty acute and twenty recuperating patients at a time. It was also the first hospital program in Houston to treat patients in an integrated setting; there was no separate ward for minority patients.

Word of the Center’s treatment capabilities spread and it began to accept cases from other parts of the United States. In 1953, eight patients traveled from Kentucky in iron lungs, in a modified baggage car of the train.

The Center had to stop accepting out-of-state patients for a time during a surge in cases in 1952. Hermann Hospital, Arabian Temple Crippled Children’s Clinic (now Shriners Hospital), Methodist, and the Veterans Administration Hospital provided room and support for additional patients. The Center also conducted workshops on polio treatment and public health. Methodist Hospital supported Center orthopedist Paul Harrington in developing the Harrington rod procedure to alleviate polio-induced scoliosis, for which existing physical therapy-based treatments had been inadequate[2].

[2]Wooten, Heather Green, The Polio Years in Texas: Battling a Terrifying Unknown, Texas A&M Press, 2009.

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Posted in architecture, Archives, Centennial, Hospitals, Images

Centennial Photo Display: 1940’s, Part II

Alethea Drexler

archives assistant

Opening day of Baylor College of Hermann Hospital’s Corbin and Wilhelmina Robinson Pavilion, 1949.  This addition doubled the number of beds available at Hermann [McGovern Historical Collections P-882].

The new building, with the Hermann Professional Building in the distance to the left.

IC091 Houston_36 Hermann 1949 800dpi JPG

The autoclave room.  P-892 Hermann 1949 autoclave1 1500

The cafeteria.  (Industrial kitchens have changed very little.  This could easily be the serving line in the dining hall in which I worked as a college student, fifty years later.)

P-892 Hermann 1949 cafeteria2 1500

Cafeteria kitchen with vegetable cookers.P-892 Hermann 1949 cafeteria3 vegetable cookers 1500Sheet pressers and folding machine in the hospital laundry.

P-892 Hermann 1949 laundry1 1500Hugh Roy Cullen, Mrs. Cullen, and friends:

P-892 Hermann 1949 opening3 1500* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The construction of Baylor’s Cullen Building, 1946-1947:

P-882-6 600dpi JPGP-882-5 600dpi JPGP-882-2 600dpi JPGP-882-4 600dpi JPGP-882-1 600dpi JPGP-882-3 600dpi JPGIC 91 box 2 Houston_20 Baylor

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Posted in Centennial

Centennial Photo Display: 1940’s, Part I

Alethea Drexler

archives assistant

MS002S03b01 Houston Press 1947 Better Life 600dpi crop letterhead JPGThe 1940’s were big years for the Texas Medical Center.  To begin with, there now was a Medical Center: The Texas Medical Center was planned in the early 1940’s by the trustees of the M.D. Anderson Foundation, to be located on land purchased from the city, next to Hermann Hospital and Hermann Park [IC002 Texas Medical Center].

The dedicatory celebration was held on February 28, 1946, at Houston’s luxurious Rice Hotel.

MS002S03b01 TMC dinner 1946 01 cover 600dpi JPGThose in attendance were served fresh fruit dressed with sherry, celery hearts and olives, squab on toast with butter sauce, rissole potatoes and baby lima beans, salad, rolls, and chocolate meringue glace.

Medical Center founding father Ernst Bertner, M.D., is on the left:

1946-TMC-dedication-dinner-cThe map in the dinner program showed the handful of buildings that were in existence or under construction alongside ambitious plans for future growth [MS002 Ernst Bertner, M.D., S.III b.1 f.1]:

MS002S03b01 TMC dinner 1946 map 03 merged 600dpi 2500 JPGThe buildings that are shown in black are Palmer Memorial Church and the James Autry House on the far right, Hermann Hospital in the middle, the Rice University gymnasium at top, and Baylor College of Medicine, which was under construction, at left (in the middle of the map).  The Autry house, rectory for the church, operated a cafeteria that served Medical Center employees and students during the 1940’s and 1950’s [“The Cornerstone”, Rice Historical Society, Vol. 13, No. 1 Winter 2008].

Baylor University College of Medicine relocated from Waco to Houston in 1943  and was housed in a former Sears warehouse until the Cullen Building was completed in 1947.  It separated from Baylor University in 1969.  The University of Texas Hospital for Cancer Research was founded 1941, now UT M.D. Anderson Cancer Center) had been established a few years earlier [IC002 Texas Medical Center].

MS002S03b01 UTMDACC 1944 01 JPGBy 1948, the dedicatory map was becoming reality.  This 1948 aerial shows the completed Baylor College of Medicine, Hermann Hospital’s new building and the Hermann Professional Building under construction, and the oval drive that would eventually encircle the Library building [IC002 Texas Medical Center]:

1948-TMC-Aerial library-lot_bates-bertnerArchitect Karl Kamrath’s concept for a Streamline building [MS071 S.4, F.6]:

1940-MS071-S4-F6-Kamrath-TMC-conceptCivil engineer Herbert A. Kipp was president of the River Oaks Corporation and was responsible for the layouts of the subdivisions in River Oaks, Glenwood Cemetery, Hermann Park, and the Texas Medical Center. The Corporation sent him on a research tour of other medical centers in the fall of 1944 in preparation for his work on the Medical Center. The colorful originals of some of his travel ephemera are held by the TMC Library’s McGovern Historical Collections. [IC002 Texas Medical Center, Series I, box 25].

An early admonishment to keep an eye on your luggage and keep your carry-ons to a minimum:

NYNHN railroad 2 300dpi-1500The Office of Defense Transportation oversaw railroads from 1941 through 1945 in an effort to ensure that transport was adequate both for civilians and for the war effort [The Presidency Project].

Missouri Pacific Railway envelope with a “V for Victory” theme.  :

Mo-Pac 1 300dpi-1500Hotel rates have changed a little in the past seventy years.

Atlanta, Georgia’s, Winecoff Hotel, featured at the bottom of the left-hand column, would be the site of the deadliest hotel fire in United States history in 1946 [Winecoff Hotel Documentary]:

Hotel Sir Walter Raleigh 1 300dpi-1500American Airlines ticket envelope.  The plane resembles a Douglas DC-3:

American Airlines 1 300dpi-1500A little more about Houston’s medical community during World War II:

Nursing as a profession had suffered a blow during the Great Depression, and many nurses became unemployed or had to scrape by on reduced hours and wages [“Nursing During the Great Depression“, Scrubs, August 27, 2012].  The Second World War created both renewed need and new opportunities for nurses.

Lois and Barbara Burnett, Hermann Hospital School of Nursing students, in 1940.

IC086 P-box02 F-1 Burnett 600dpi JPGInterns and nursing students at Hermann Hospital, 1943.  The girl at far right is wearing a one-piece playsuit, which probably had a skirt she could button over the shorts for street wear [Institutional Collection 086 Hermann Hospital Archives, P-box 02, folder 1].

IC086 P-box02 F-1 interns nursing students 1940s 600dpi JPGHermann’s pediatrics department, Christmas 1945:

IC086 P-box02 F-1 HH pediatrics christmas 1941i jpgLydia Moglia, Hermann Hospital School of Nursing class of 1932, in her Army Nurse Corps uniform (and epic victory rolls), signed “I haven’t lost the twinkle in my eye, October 1945” [Institutional Collection 086 Hermann Hospital Archives, P-box 02, folder 1].

IC086 P-box02 F-1 Lydia Moglin HHSN1932 1945 600dpi JPGMoglia grew up on a ranch in Bruni, Texas, a tiny town near Laredo. She served in the Army Nurse Corps in Europe from 1942 to 1945, in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater in 1945 and 1946, and again during the Korean War from 1950 to 1954, in between working in hospitals in Houston, Laredo, and Corpus Christi [Ancestry.com; Findagrave.com].

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